Multiple Sclerosis is an inflammatory disease where it affects the ability of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord to communicate with each other. MS is caused by the damage of myelin sheath, the one that protects the nerve cell. When this protector is damaged, nerve impulses are slowed down then became an inflammation. The inflammation happens when the body’s own immune cells attack the nervous system.
There are many therapies for multiple sclerosis however, there is no known cure. The good news is, there are drugs that slows the progression of MS as follows:
Interferon Beta-1a is a drug that is produced by mammalian cells
- Avonex – it is injected weekly
- Rebif –it is injected three times a week
Interferon Beta-1b is a drug to treat the relapsing-remitting and secondary-progressive forms of multiple sclerosis
- Betaseron – it is injected every second day
Glatiramer Acetate is an immunomodulator drug wherein it may work as a decoy for the immune system.
- Copaxone – it is injected daily
Natalizumab is believed to function by decreasing the ability of inflammatory immune cells to attach and to pass through the cell layers.
- Tysabri – it is given once a month by doctor. It shows efficacy for MS treatment however, may have cases to experience progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), a presence of JC Virus. Taking this is said to have Tysabri side effects of depression, UTI, itching, and nausea.
Tysabri happens to be the most effective treatment among the mention above but could also be risky at the same time. So before having a Tysabri, consult the doctor first plus should not have taken any medication of other MS drugs.